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The RackPack

A versatile rack-mounting power supply unit is described by its designer, Paul White.


Build this inexpensive, rack-mounted power supply unit, capable of delivering 12 volts at up to one amp and suitable for powering many rackmounting projects, including the Syndrom. Design and description by Paul White.


Most audio signal processors make extensive use of operational amplifiers which, thankfully, have fairly standard power supply requirements. The RackPack provides a split rail, regulated supply of ±12 volts and features several power outlet sockets so that more than one processor may be powered simultaneously, the maximum available current being one amp. The Syndrom project, although specified as requiring a nine volt supply, will run happily from the RackPack, and it should be possible to run up to six Syndroms from a single unit.

Figure 1. RackPack circuit diagram.
(Click image for higher resolution version)


Circuitry



The output from the transformer is full wave rectified and smoothed, giving an unregulated voltage of roughly ±18 volts (12x√2) which provides sufficient headroom for the regulators to operate reliably. A toroidal transformer was chosen for its low stray electromagnetic field but, as it takes a high switch on current, an anti-surge mains fuse is required.

The regulation is performed by the industry standard 78 and 79 series monolithic regulator ICs and, as can be seen from the circuit diagram, this facilitates a simple design which enables the component count to be kept to an absolute minimum. Two LEDs are incorporated which monitor the output voltage so that an overloaded or shorted power rail is instantly evident.

Figure 2. Suggested hardware layout.
(Click image for higher resolution version)


Construction



Figure 3. Transformer mounting details.

If the rack case design is to be used, drill the metalwork first (Figure 2) and then paint the front and rear panels. The dimensions given are those used on the prototype, but positioning of switches and sockets may be altered if required and more than four output sockets may be fitted if needed. It is also possible to fit two PCBs into the box and in this case, a larger transformer will be required (see parts list), the transformer is fitted by means of a central bolt and a set of mounting washers is provided as part of the mounting kit (Figure 3). Wire up the DIN sockets as shown in Figure 1 and insulate all exposed mains connections with rubber sleeving or PVC tape.

Figure 4. PCB component layout.


The PCB presents no assembly problems (Figure 4), but as always, check the polarity of electrolytic capacitors and semiconductors before applying power. As the regulators are capable of supplying up to one amp, heatsinks must be fitted to RG1 and RG2. It's necessary to mount the PCB on spacers, and short lengths of ballpoint pen serve well in this capacity, four Ba bolts being used to secure the PCB to the case. Internally, the wiring layout is not critical and the photograph should give you a general idea.


Testing



No sandbags are required for this one. Simply turn on the mains with a long stick and see if the LEDs come on. If not, put the fuse in and try again! Check that the polarity of the output sockets matches the device(s) that you're going to run from the RackPack; even a momentary reversal of polarity can have serious consequences.

There should be few or no problems encountered in building the RackPack, and it should work as a useful power supply for some years to come.

RackPack Parts List

Resistors (All ½W metal film)
R1,R2,R3 100R
R4,R5 4K7

Capacitors
C1,C2 2200uF 63 v
C3,C4,C5,C6 0.1 uF

Semiconductors
Rec 1 (W01) 1.5A bridge 100v p.i.v. (QL38R)
RG1 7812
RG2 7912
LD1, LD2 Standard LEDs with mounting ferrules
ZD1, ZD2 10v zener diode

Miscellaneous
Heatsinks-2 required (FL58N)
Transformer 12-0-12 (YK10L) or (YK15R) to run two PCBs
DIN sockets (3-pin 180°)
Mains switch
Fuseholder
2A slo bio fuse
4Ba nuts, bolts and washers
PCB (available direct from E&MM price £3.95, cheques/POs payable to Glidecastle Publishing Ltd. Please allow 28 days for delivery.)


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Previous Article in this issue

The Programmable Digital Sound Generator

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Projected Developments


Electronics & Music Maker - Copyright: Music Maker Publications (UK), Future Publishing.

 

Electronics & Music Maker - Jul 1984

Feature by Paul White

Previous article in this issue:

> The Programmable Digital Sou...

Next article in this issue:

> Projected Developments


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