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Real Drum Special - Part 2

Drummers Drumming (Part 6)

Drum Dateslate

a history of hitting things


The history of the popular drum kit from bits of metal in Istanbul, to bits of Silicon in Simmons. Dave Sinclair takes the calendar trail.

1623


Avedis Zildjian Company begin production of cymbals in Constantinople (Istanbul), Turkey. Otherwise, a quiet couple of centuries.

1875


Johannes Link, the founder of Sonor, starts making military drums and drum skins near Bavaria.

1885


Joseph Soistman establishes the first drum factory in America: the Excelsior Drum Company of Camden, New Jersey.

1892


First drum catalogue is published in America by the Duplex Manufacturing Company.

1894


Drummer Dee Dee Chandler is (reputedly) the first person to build and use a wooden bass drum pedal, activated by the player's heel, not toe.

1895


William F Ludwig Snr uses an all-steel bass pedal, designed along the lines of Chandler's device.

1899


U G Leedy invents the first practical folding snare drum stand.

1907


U G Leedy and Charles Wanamaker patent a snare strainer, which can move the snares as a single unit away from and back to the drum head.

1908


William F Ludwig develops an all-wooden toe-operated bass drum pedal.

1909


William F Ludwig and his brother Theobald set up in business as Ludwig & Ludwig. Robert C Danley, Ludwig's brother-in-law, makes the first all-metal toe bass pedal from Ludwig's original design. Early cymbal holder allowing the cymbal to hang free is patented.

1911


First all-metal snare drum manufactured by Ludwig.

1921


Ratchet mechanism developed which allows the tom tom to be mounted on the bass drum hoop or shell. The 'low-hat' or 'low boy', forerunner of the hi-hat, appears in the early 1920s; it consists of two parallel cymbals, positioned about 15 inches above the floor, controlled by a foot pedal.

1922


Premier founded in London by Alberto della Porta, a dance band drummer, and his assistant George Smith.

1927


The collapsible bass drum, described as a "godsend to the working drummer", is patented. Hi-Hat (or 'hi-boy') first appears, and enjoys rather longer-lasting success than the collapsible bass drum.

1940


Modern drum set reaches its final form at about this time, organised round a nucleus of bass drum, snare drum and suspended cymbal, with ancillary instruments being added according to the requirements of the drummer and style of music.

1948


Floor toms with legs introduced.

1950


Slingerland introduced the Ray McKinley tom tom holder which consists of a curved bar with a sleeve which allows the tom tom to slide down over it. At about this time the cymbal tilt-holder is invented; for the first time drummers can tilt the cymbal to a convenient angle to make playing more comfortable.

1957


Sam Muchnik invents plastic mylar drum head for Remo.

1960


Paiste cymbals from Switzerland start to become available.

1968


Rose-Morris launch the R-M kit featuring a new ball and socket device, allowing greater flexibility in the positioning of the tom tom. Premier launch their Lokfast tom tom holders: "The strongest shell-to-shell holder ever made," they claim.

1970


Rose-Morris market their Headmaster Plastic Drumheads, confidently asserting that "they are impervious to moisture and last almost indefinitely"(!). Rogers introduce MemriLoc stands. Paiste launch 602 cymbals, forerunner of 2002, and described as a "revolutionary range designed specifically for the rock drummer".

1974


Hayman are one of the first companies to market single-headed concert toms. Shaftesbury, Ludwig and Sonor all launch see-through kits made in Acrylic or Vistalite. ASBA of Paris produce first all-metal drum kit made of stainless steel. Potential customer, Carl Palmer (who subsequently commissions Premier to make him one).

1975


Premier introduce boom cymbal stands. First appearance of Evans oil-filled hydraulic heads.

1976


Premier 252 bass pedal launched. "Probably the finest bass pedal in the world." (D Sinclair.) The eccentric looking North drums with specially flared bases appear. Earliest users Alan White and Billy Cobham.

1977


Launch of the Synare percussion synthesiser, "the first fully-integrated percussion synthesiser". Designed for use with or without a drum kit.

1978


Staccato drums follow in the North footsteps. Remo market a new shell-less drum tuned rapidly by rotation, aptly named the Rototom. Tama introduce Octobans. Early user, Billy Cobham.

1980


The world's first electronic drum kit, the Simmons SDS5, on the market. Billy Cobham not an early user.

1981


Linn Electronics corporation unveil the LM-1 Drum Computer. Star Instruments Inc. market the first tuned-percussion computer, the Synare MP (Mallet Percussion).

1982


Oberheim introduce the DMX drum computer. Central London branch of the Musicians' Union pass a resolution calling for a ban on Linn drums and similar instruments from recording and broadcast sessions.

1983


Simmons SDS6 sequencer launched.

1984


Simmons SDS7 and SDS8 kits unveiled at Frankfurt trade show.


Series - "Real Drum Special"

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Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Part 4 | Part 5 | Part 6 (Viewing) | Part 7 | Part 8


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One Two Testing - Copyright: IPC Magazines Ltd, Northern & Shell Ltd.

 

One Two Testing - Apr 1985

Donated by: Colin Potter

Real Drum Special - Part 2

Topic:

History / Culture


Series:

Real Drum Special

Part 1 | Part 2 | Part 3 | Part 4 | Part 5 | Part 6 (Viewing) | Part 7 | Part 8


Feature by David Sinclair

Previous article in this issue:

> Drummers Drumming

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> Drummers Drumming


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