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Do It Yourself

Key Lines

Article from Phaze 1, May 1989

AFTER AN ENFORCED gap of two months - which has had absolutely nothing to do with the author, you understand, we return to the John Lennon "love and peace, maan" classic, 'Imagine'. Assuming your memory can stretch back that far, the last episode saw us playing simple textures in 'Imagine', and I suggested that changes in texture were desirable throughout the course of an accompaniment to a song. The question now arises of where to change the texture in an accompaniment. Is there an obvious "right" place?

Certainly, the first place to start looking for changes is at the point where the vocal part comes to an end, and there is a pause in the action which seems to require some sort of "fill-in". Let's go back to the lyric of'Imagine':

(G) Imagine there's no (C) heaven
12-3 41 234

The "fill-in" seems necessary on beats 2/3/4 of the second bar. On the original version by Lennon, there's a little melodic riff which goes through the whole song at exactly this point - he solved the fill problem by using a melody line. You might also think of bassline, rhythmic or textural fills. (Listen to any record, and you should be able to categorise the fills as one of these four.) I'm going to use the textural fill first, simply because it doesn't require you to learn any new chords or runs - those come later.

What we should be looking for is some convincing form of textural change that copes with the large part of that second bar, and each successive "fill-in" point. You may remember from last time that our chord voicings for the G and C changes were as shown in Diagram A.

We eventually decided to break the chords up into the eighth-note texture in Diagram B. Remember these are eight consecutive events, evenly spaced over the pulse count of four to a bar - or two to a beat. Incidentally, the little line tying notes together on the second and third beats of the left-hand phrase means you play the note only once, but hold it down for the total duration shown.

Keeping to the eight-note format, let's try altering the texture, changing the number of notes played vertically in the C bar to the pattern shown in Diagram C.

Don't forget these are the same voicings of the G and C chord as we used last time - the only change is the texture you apply between your hands.

It should also now be clear that the texture between the two hands can either be separated, as shown in the last example, or can overlap, as in Diagram D.

In this version, simply hold on to the right-hand part of the chord as the left hand completes the bassline effect, and you get a slightly smoother sound as the two parts overlap more often.

Of course, the noticeable change in feel on the verse of the song comes on the "Imagine all the people" line. If you used this changed texture right through that line to the end of the verse, you should feel you have a more interesting version of the song. Diagram E shows it in all its glory.

This is still rather pedestrian, because the "fill-in" is the same each time. Chances are you've already realised that just using eighth-notes and a different view of the textures available, you could produce some subtle but very effective changes.

Diagram F shows some G-to-C changes over the two bars of the song, still using only the voicings I originally provided. Try singing the opening bars with each of these textures in turn, or try applying a few of these textures to the whole of a verse, and you should feel that your performance has taken off quite noticeably. If not, practise, practise, practise...

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Publisher: Phaze 1 - Phaze 1 Publishing

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Phaze 1 - May 1989

Do It Yourself

Feature by Steve Sinclair

Previous article in this issue:

> The XTC X-Perience

Next article in this issue:

> Stick Trix

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